Composting can significantly reduce the amount of wasted food that is thrown away . It is one of the most important alternatives for organic waste. It can be used for the recycling of garbage into useful products and it is also used to overcome the increase of waste.
Composting means the degradation of solid organic substances. During this process, we get useful content too. Double win for humanity!
Below we will explore how to choose and create the best compost for vegetable garden. Human activities are slowly depleting essential substances from the ecosystem. Thus, there come various negative impacts that might place all living things in an unhealthy environment. In order to prevent this, we need to do certain things. 30 percent of what we throw away can be composted and converted to soil. This soil will help plants grow. .
WHAT IS COMPOST?
Compost is any decayed organic material, such as waste, manure, leaves, grass clippings, dead plants and animals. They are considered useless due to their appearance or how we dispose of them. However, they are a resource. And they are necessary to create the richest compost for your vegetable garden.
TYPES OF COMPOSTING – Best Compost For Vegetable Garden
Composting can happen in three ways. Some bacteria require oxygen to do their work. Others don’t. Some organisms even survive without oxygen. In any case, there are three types of composting:
This type of composting needs air for the breaking down of materials quickly.
- Place scrapes at a well-aerated location.
- Add nitrogen-rich green matter such as grass clippings.
- Pour water, to moisture it and turn frequently.
The aerobic bacteria on the compost scraps are the ones that act on it and catalyzes its green matter. These bacteria, as well as the green matter, use up the nitrogen and release heat. The speed of this process is increased after the initial visit.
Downside of aerobic composting
Aerobic composting demands lots of space and water.
Anaerobic composting is the opposite of the composting explained above. It is the breakdown of composts without the aid of the oxygen in the air.
- Put any compost in an airtight container.
- Add a nitrogen-rich matter.
- Avoid contact with water.
This culture invites anaerobic bacteria and foul smell due to its activities.
Downside of anaerobic composting
Decomposers who are not well adapted to this kind of airless environment might die of suffocation.
Vermicomposting is the process where decomposing organisms, such as earthworms, feed on organic wastes. These organic wastes are then broken down by the microbes, which oxygenate and moisten the soil.
- Drop a non-acidic vegetable or fruit scraps
- Watch as the organisms move towards it.
Little odour denotes the action of the worm.
Economic importance of composting
In the course of composting, a given piece of land could be filled with matter when the topography of such land is irregular.
The smell of compost is caused by bacteria, which can be used to make fuel. Gas from compost  is a mixture of different chemicals. One of them is methane, which can be captured and stored for commercial purposes.
Improves soil fertility
Composts have no influence on soil without bacteria, fungi and macro-decomposers like earthworms acting on them. Once composts are left on the soil surface, these decomposers feed saprophytically on them. This process induces the breakdown of compost to its unit, releasing vital minerals, (nitrogen, iron, sodium, carbon dioxide) that can make the soil fertile.
Composting plays a major role in the health of soil. When used properly, composts can improve soil health and provide crops with nutrients. That’s why gardeners, farmers, and agricultural companies ensure that soils have a high proportion of composts. It contributes to plants’ major and minor nutrients for healthy growth. This improves soil texture and structure. And farmers can enjoy better yield as the soil better holds the right amount of air, nutrients, and moisture.
Negative Effects Of Composting
A few disadvantages are inevitable and here are some of them.
- Global warming
- Air pollution
We know that the efferent from a composting matter is a mixture of gases. Carbon dioxide released accumulates in the atmosphere. It speeds up the depletion of the Ozone layer – a shield in the upper atmosphere stopping the high intensity of sun rays from reaching the earth’s surface. An increase in carbon dioxide will spontaneously induce heat effect .
The odour perceived is unhealthy and might cause sickness.
Methane is flammable. A temperature rise in the environment might lead to an explosion.
Composting can be a great way to eliminate waste in the environment and make useful minerals out of it. If you wish to do composting, ensure you have a composter. Then, evaluate the positive and negative effects of your decision.
 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Types of Composting and Understanding the Process
 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Composting At Home