The Basics Of Organic Vegetable Gardening
Planting vegetables does not require a rocket scientist. However, if you want to do it the old-fashioned way, which has been proven to be very effective, you should be familiar with the fundamentals of organic vegetable gardening.
The first thing you should understand is what organic vegetable gardening is. It is simply a method of farming that does not employ any synthetic products, such as fertilisers and pesticides. In a nutshell, you work with nature to achieve your goals.
Knowing which vegetables are suitable for the soil and climate is important when selecting which to plant. If you live in a drought-prone area, look for those that don’t require as much water.
Before you plant seeds, make sure the land is ready by tilling it and clearing it of rocks and weeds.
The soil will then be amended with compost, bone meal or rock phosphate, and greensand to provide nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. If the pH of the soil is too high, add lime or sulphur to balance it out.
Another thing you should do before planting the seeds is apply organic fertiliser. Recycled leaves, grass clippings, coffee grounds, eggshells, and kitchen waste can be used and should be applied a month before planting.
Then it’s time to start sowing the seeds. Each seed must be separated by a certain amount of space so that the roots do not compete for water. You can plant other things in between each of the vegetables because the tighter the space, the less likely weeds will grow.
Pests are the most dangerous threat to your organic garden. You can use birds, frogs, or other insects to combat them. You don’t have these creatures to keep other insects at bay. Simply place a bird house or a small pond to create the ideal environment. Once they’re in place, they’ll take care of the rest, patrolling your garden and devouring those who try to eat your crops.
Putting up a few barriers can also be beneficial. Moths are known to avoid landing and laying eggs when row covers are used. Sticky traps and foil collars can also be used to keep pests and borers at bay.
Organic pesticides are also available, but some of them can only kill one or two types of pests. So, before you buy them, make sure you understand what you’re getting into.
Crop rotation is the most effective method of preserving soil fertility. This is done after the vegetables have been harvested so that it is ready for planting again. To make this work, you must plant a different vegetable in the same area.
Anyone can learn the fundamentals of organic vegetable gardening and soon have their own backyard farm. It is fresh, and you can pick it whenever you want, which is very convenient given that it is only a few feet from your house.
Should everyone start growing organic vegetables? Perhaps because there is a food shortage right now, and the majority of imported vegetables do not use this technique. The government, for its part, has offered incentives to farmers in the United States to switch to this method, but it will take more effort to persuade countries that do business with the United States to do the same.